Diabetes is globally one of the most widespread illnesses. The disease is caused by problems with insulin in the body; due to a lack of production of the hormone, or your body cannot utilize what is available properly. When there are insulin issues, there can be an excess of blood sugar or lack of it in the bloodstream leading to many health complications. One of these is diabetic retinopathy, and in this blog, we will examine this condition and how you can prevent it. 

What is diabetic retinopathy?

It is a complication of diabetes and typically occurs when the retina is damaged due to high blood sugar levels. If left untreated, gradually over several years, your eyesight will weaken until there is a complete loss of vision. Diet and behavior changes need to be implemented at the onset of the disease if you want to save your eyesight without any deterioration. Once diabetic retinopathy has begun and your vision is affected, measures can only be taken to preserve what’s left as the effect cannot be reversed. Therefore, preventive measures are crucial.

How to prevent it?

According to eye specialists and endocrinologists, the best way to prevent diabetic retinopathy is by controlling your blood sugar levels in addition to cholesterol and blood pressure. Therefore, all the tips below will be focusing on achieving that.

Adopt a healthy diet

When it comes to diabetes and its complications, there is nothing as important as controlling your diet. The food you eat needs to be healthy. It is best to speak to a dietician before making any significant changes to your diet so that you will not be undereating or losing essential nutrients. They will also help you find alternatives for unhealthy snacks and cravings so that you will be able to control your meals better. 

Consume low amounts of fat, sugar, and salt

The above three will not only affect your insulin levels but also increase cholesterol and blood pressure. Therefore, you should plan your meals and ensure that they either do not have or have fewer unhealthy factors. 

Lose weight until you reach your ideal BMI

The body mass index, also known as BMI, is an indicator of your ideal weight according to your height. To ensure you avoid diabetic retinopathy, you need to work out until you reach your BMI level. Always make sure that you do not go below the ideal range. Being underweight can lead to its own set of problems and complications. 

Regular workouts

You need to engage in regular workouts to control your diabetes and stop diabetic retinopathy from taking effect. If you cannot follow heavy high-intensity programs or visit a gym, at least make sure to walk or cycle as they can help you become fit, even if it is slow.

Quit smoking or use nicotine patches

Smoking is not only detrimental to your whole well-being, but it also helps cause eye diseases. Therefore, you need to quit the habit. If you are having difficulty, always speak to your doctor and use a nicotine patch. 

The above tips can help you manage your health and prevent the onset of diabetic retinopathy so you can see the world without any issue. If you want to have your eyes examined, make sure to contact our eye clinic in Dubai, and our specialist will help you.