A Review On The Rare Case Of Bilateral Retinal Detachment

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The retina is the thin layer of tissue in the back of the eyes which receives light from the eye’s lens, converts it to neuro-signals, and sends it to the brain for visual recognition. When it is pulled or lifted from its original position, retinal detachment occurs. On rare occasions, this can occur in both eyes, affecting the sight of an individual. This article will discuss the rare case of bilateral retinal detachment by reviewing its specifications along with the anticipatory measures.

Bilateral Retinal Detachment

Even though it is unusual for retinal detachment to affect both eyes simultaneously, there is a possibility of second eye involvement later. This situation can take place in 1.18-2.5% of all occurrences. Most of these are due to multiple round atrophic holes or thinning within the two layers of the retina and u-shaped tears. The development is more frequent in males than in females, and the identified age group is between 30-45 years.

Rare Cases Found

In instances where the infection has taken place mutually in the eyes, the vision becomes progressively weaker over a few months. A patient diagnosed with the condition has not reported retinal detachment’s common symptoms like floaters and flashing lights.  Instead, mild photophobia and ocular discomfort (lack of ease in and around the optics) has occurred as initial signs of the problem.

A female who underwent LASIK treatment was observed with a bilateral separation with a situation where the retina of her eye has not been scaled back to its normal position after the surgery. The disrupted condition demanded another surgical process to attach the retina back to its original state. Hence, ophthalmologists say before a LASIK treatment, this potential problem needs to be apprised to the patients with the possible chances of this rare side effect that one might experience after undergoing a vision correction procedure. 

Classification And Symptoms

Generally, there are three different types of retinal detachments that have been categorized depending on the cause of the issue. They are;

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment This is the most common category of retinal detachment that can occur with time. As a result of this condition, the tissues start to rip, hole or break, and the eye fluid gets leaked to the underneath layer.

Tractional retinal detachment –  These are the incidents in which supplementary tissues grow inside the retina and start to pull it away from the below layer. The condition can cause complete vision loss or blindness. People with diabetes or damaged blood vessels are at higher risk of getting this condition.

Exudative retinal detachment  Eye injuries and complications of prolonged infections like kidney diseases or high blood pressure causes the outflow. Here, without a tear or leakage, the fluid gets collected and influences the problematic situation.

The common signs and symptoms of bilateral retinal detachment include flashes of light, loads of new floaters or particles, and central or peripheral vision loss. Family history, cataract surgery, severe nearsightedness, diabetic retinopathy (damaged blood vessels in the retina due to diabetics) are a few risk factors for this condition.

Treatment Methods

Most of these detachments wouldn’t show early signs or symptoms, and hence it is essential to have regular eye clinic visits to ensure the condition of your eyes. These checkups are substantial for those who suffer from other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Eye specialist say it is best to get your vision checked annually for early prevention.

Ophthalmologists follow retinal examinations or ultrasound to diagnose the separations on the retina. These specialists will check both eyes due to the rare cases of bilateral occurrences. A surgery will be performed for treatment, and repair will take place by shifting the retina back to its original position.

If you experience a similar case, make sure to visit the best eye clinic in the town for the optimum treatment. Our team of professionals at New Vision Eye Centre will diagnose your condition and provide you with the best treatment options.

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