An Ophthalmologist’s Guide To Detecting Eye Disorders At Birth And Their Related Effects

New Vision Eye Center,

Eye disorders can occur due to various factors such as injuries, medical conditions, heredity, and other external factors. Most of these diseases can be acquired at birth or soon after and can be cured if treated with an early diagnosis. Eye doctors often emphasize the importance of having eye examinations from infants to adults, and state that the earliest comprehensive test needs to be done at the age of 6 months. Detecting the problems at their earliest will prevent your child’s eyesight from prolonged vision issues and other related health conditions that can come along with the situation. This article will go over an ophthalmologist’s guide to detecting eye disorders at birth and their related effects for your reference.

Congenital Eye Disorders

Eye disorders occurring at birth can be genetically inherited or due to a problem in the eye structure. Babies are more prone to get eye problems if they have a family history of eye diseases like cataracts, eye tumors, or other inherited diseases. 

The changes in vision growth can be seen dramatically in kids, where infants will initially start noticing moving objects, spot colors, and depth perception, respectively. Although visible eye disorders like Anophthalmia (baby is born without one or both eyes) and Microphthalmia (small eye development only), cataracts can be observed by looking at the child, other diseases, strabismus, amblyopia, or refractive errors takes much longer time to get noticed.

Type of Childhood Eye Diseases

Given below are a few common eye disorders that infants can acquire at birth. Some of these may be observable directly, whereas some you may notice with the growth and development of children.

Congenital cataracts – This is the occurrence of a cloudy formation in the eye that inhibits the child’s vision. Surgery is usually performed to remove the cataract and get back to the natural state.

Blocked tear duct –  Studies show that 2 out of 10 are born with a blocked tear duct where the tears do not normally drain, causing a watery and irritated eye.

Strabismus – Misaligned or crossed eyes can be seen here. When the vision focuses on an object, one eye may look straight ahead while the other turns in another direction. 

Ptosis – Congenital ptosis is a rare condition characterized by lower positioning of the upper eyelid. If the eyelid droops very low, hindering the vision, surgery is required to fix the condition.

Refractive errors – This is a condition where the child may have trouble seeing near, distance, or both conditions. These errors cause blurry vision in children.

Identifying The Problem

It is essential to identify the eye problems of your child at the earliest to prevent long-term vision distortion. The appropriate measures will improve your child’s vision and overall health and sustain natural physical health development.

You can detect these problems by paying close attention to the signs and symptoms of your children related to the eye and vision. Some of them are:

  • Blurry vision 
  • Eye turns and droopy eyelids
  • Frequent blinking or watery eyes
  • Difficulty maintaining eye contact
  • Unusual visual behaviors
  • Light sensitivity
  • Difficulty in focusing
  • Cloudy formation in the lens
  • Misaligned eyes
  • Reduced peripheral vision
  • Specific color preference
  • Delayed visual responses

If you notice any of these characteristics, visit the ophthalmologists to diagnose the possible conditions. If these problems do not get treated for extended periods, your child may start to develop lazy eye conditions where the brain will favor the healthiest eye. Regular visits to the eye clinic will help prevent your child’s vision and to detect problems at their earliest. Your child’s vision is essential for physical and mental growth and to perform well in school work and other activities.

At New Vision Eye Center, you can find the best ophthalmologist to diagnose your child’s vision using advanced technology and treatment methods. Our highly skilled professionals are happy to help with all your eye concerns and problems for a long-lasting improved healthy vision.


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