Keratoconus is a corneal disease that is often characterized by the thinning of the corneal stroma. This condition often leads to irregular astigmatism and reduced vision.
The condition mostly affects teenagers, and slowly progresses into the patient’s mid-30s, after which it generally stabilizes. Keratoconus may occur in one eye at the start, but will eventually affect both.
Often, our eye specialists notice that the condition is severe in one eye than the other. People who lose vision as a result of this condition are mostly from astigmatism, myopia, and corneal scarring.
So how can you effectively manage keratoconus? In this blog, we will discuss the various treatments available.
Cross-linking (CXL) is a novel technique to treat keratoconus without the need for surgery. Here we use custom made riboflavin drops to saturate the cornea and then activate it with the help of ultraviolet-A light. This process is then combined with a laser with high sensitivity to reduce the progression of keratoconus and restore the eyes to its ideal appearance and function.
Implantation of Contact Lenses
Another effective method to manage keratoconus is by implementing contact lenses (ICL) in the patient’s eyes. This is a highly convenient solution for a lot of people, especially the ones who have astigmatism or myopia as a result of keratoconus. This is mostly recommended to people who are unsuitable for laser eye surgery or possess a thin cornea.
While the condition can be effectively managed with CXL and CIL, some extreme cases may require surgical corrections for a full recovery. A corneal transplant is recommended when the patient’s cornea becomes dangerously thin or when the patient’s vision impairment is extreme. These people may also develop a steepening of the cornea, scarring, or lens intolerance due to the advancement of the condition.
Although only 15 to 20% of keratoconus patients ultimately require corneal transplant surgery, it is essential to address any progression in the condition or increasing vision difficulties without delay.
Our vision is a precious sense to have, which is why our eye specialists recommend everyone to test their eyes and take care of them properly and routinely. Loss of vision due to lack of knowledge or due to neglect is something that people will regret throughout their life.
So, if you are concerned about the health of your eyes, consult with our eye specialists at the earliest for a thorough evaluation.