Healthy Vision: 5 Eye Conditions That Can Be Detected As You Age & Their Treatments

Portrait of stressed senior Caucasian businessman wearing suit rubbing eyes because of exhaustion or headache

With aging, we can face medical conditions in our body, and hence we need to focus more on our health to be physically and mentally fit. Eye health plays a crucial role here as we rely on our eyes in everything we do. Numerous eye diseases can be seen in people as a result of aging. Hence, to educate you further on the matter, this article will look into five eye conditions that can be detected as you age, along with their treatments.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness with an increase in eye pressure. The problems occur due to the inability of eye fluid to drain out properly. The condition increases the pressure inside the eye, damaging the optic nerve.

The condition does not have initial signs or symptoms, and you may only notice a vision change when it has reached closer to the final stages. Vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible, and hence it is crucial to have regular visits to the eye specialists for early diagnosis.

Eye drops are often prescribed to treat the condition and lower the pressure. Oral medications, surgeries, and therapies are also recommended depending on the severity and glaucoma type. The goal is to improve the drainage of fluid and lower the overall eye pressure.

Cataract

A cataract is a common cause that can be seen in people over the age of 60. It is a cloudy formation in the eye that can distort the vision, progressively blocking light rays focused in the eyes. Although initial stages will not affect your eyesight, you will start seeing closer objects and shaded color vision over time.

Cataracts can limit the day-to-day activities of a person with limited vision making it difficult to work independently. It can also put into the risk of falling and fractures due to slight or no vision. The situation can also affect the mental health of a person.

Surgery is the only treatment for cataract conditions. The process is known for its safety as it is one of the most common vision restore techniques. During the procedure, the cataract will be removed along with the natural lens, and an artificial lens called IOL will be replaced for better and improved vision.

Macular Degeneration

AMD or Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that can cause severe to permanent vision loss in older people. The macula is a small portion of your retina and contributes to processing clear and straight vision. AMD occurs when this wears down as a part of the aging factor.

Blurry vision, dark spots are the symptoms of AMD. However, most of the time, it does not show any signs until the condition worsens or affects both eyes. A routine eye exam can spot the AMD, and hence it is crucial to have regular visits to the eye doctor for an early diagnosis.

Although there is no cure for the condition drugs, laser therapy can slow down the condition and destroy abnormal blood vessels that grow in your eye.

Diabetic Retinopathy

This is a condition that can occur in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. It causes damages to the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The problem can be seen in older adults as it affects people with diabetes for more extended periods.

Floaters, dark spots, vision fluctuations, blurred vision are a few signs and symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. High blood pressure, cholesterol, and smoking are considered as higher risk factors for the occurrence.

Your eye specialist will perform a comprehensive dilated eye exam to diagnose the condition. Managing diabetics is the initial treatment that is given for early diabetic retinopathy. Surgeries, laser treatments, injecting medicine to the eye are the methods used to treat advanced stages.

Dry Eyes

Dry eyes are a condition that occurs when your eye does not produce enough tears. Generally, your tears have three layers consisting of mucus, fatty oils, and aqueous fluid.  The combination helps to keep your eyes lubricated, clear, and smooth.

When the tear film dysfunction or produce low-quality tears, it causes scarring of the cornea and inflammation. The condition can lead to eye irritation and discomfort. Watery eyes, discharge of mucus, blurry vision, and foreign body sensation are a few symptoms of a dry eye condition.

Artificial tears are the most common treatment for dry eyes. Lacrimal plugs, a plug used to block drainage holes in the eyes, are another remedy used by doctors. Surgeries are performed for severe cases.

With aging, it is crucial to pay more attention to eye health, and hence it is best recommended to visit the eye clinic every six months. At New Vision Eye Center, you can get your eyes checked with the latest equipment. Our eye specialists are happy to help with all your optical concerns.

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