Cataracts are common among adults and are often termed as an age-related acquired disease. The development of this cloudy formation in the eyes results in vision impairment, hindering daily activities with a poor quality of life. Once you experience the condition, surgery is required to overcome the situation and to obtain the former regular vision. It is essential to undergo the necessary guidelines provided by the cataract surgeon for a speedy recovery process and procure optimum results from the surgery. Here, we will benefit you with an overview of this surgical procedure and the necessary precautions to adhere to a successful vision correction treatment.
What Is a Cataract?
A cataract is the formation of a cloudy layer in the eyes which develops eventually, interfering with the vision. The origination can occur at different stages of life, but most commonly arrives with aging. Alcohol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, certain medications, and prolonged exposure to sunlight are a few risk factors for the inception. Symptoms of cataracts include;
- Faded colors
- Double or blurry vision
- Halos around light
- Discomfort with bright light and night vision
- Frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions
Your eye’s original lens will be removed and replaced with an artificial lens during cataract surgery. It usually takes an hour for the whole procedure by a surgeon. There are two methods to remove a cloudy lens; usage of an ultrasound probe to break up the lens or making an incision to remove it in one piece.
Before the surgical process, eye drops and anesthesia will be given for the dilation and numbing process. Subsequently, the cloudy lens will be replaced with clear artificial contact. During certain instances, the cataract itself will be taken off without the whole meniscus. In dense developments, techniques like phaco cataract surgery are used to shake the hard formation using ultrasonic energy.
Following the surgery, you need to apply droplets several times each day to avoid internal inflammation, reduce eye pressure, and prevent infections. The eye doctor may also prescribe oral pain relievers for those in need. Your vision will be normal after a few days, even though you might experience a little bit of discomfort during the initial days.
It is necessary to avoid water and soap application directly into your eyes and follow instructions as prescribed by your eye surgeon. An eye patch will be given to wear at night to refrain oblivious touching and rubbing while sleeping. Although you may experience itchiness in the eyes, do not touch them as this is normal in the first few days after surgery. Usually, it will take up to 8 weeks for a complete recovery. During this period, you need to adhere to the following safety measures;
- Avoid doing heavy lifting and exercises.
- Do not drive until your doctor’s advice.
- Follow the doctor’s guidelines on eye drops and antibiotics.
- Refrain from getting exposed to dusty, wind, and pollen areas.
- Avoid using facewash, cosmetics, and wearing makeup.
- Avoid swimming and hot tubs to prevent infections.
- Wear a face shield while bathing.
- Perform normal, low impact activities.
- Wear sunglasses or eye protection glasses outside.
- Avoid bending as it put extra pressure on the eyes.
After surgery, your eye surgeon will do the follow-ups to ensure the healing process. However, since your recovery period will be at your home, it is crucial to follow the doctor’s necessary instructions for a quick and safe recovery. Glasses will be prescribed months after the surgery for those required.
Our team of specialists at the New Vision Eye Centre will assure you of safe and successful surgery and guide you throughout the recovery period until you regain full eye health. Visit us now to obtain apt treatments for all your optical problems and concerns.