Retinal Diseases: Understanding The Most Common Types Of Retinal Disorders


The retina is a layer located in the back of your eyes and is responsible for receiving light and creating impulses to travel through the brain for visual recognition. Damages to these tissues can lead to slight and advanced vision distortions. This article discusses the most common types of retinal disorders.

Diabetic Retinopathy

This is a vision loss condition that occurs in people with diabetes. High blood sugar levels can result in damaging the blood vessels of the retina. Blurred vision, dark spots in eyesight, vision fluctuations, or impairments when seeing colors are the common symptoms of this condition.

The condition can eventually progress and even lead to blindness if left untreated. Hence, diabetic patients need to have frequent eye examinations and keep their blood sugar levels in control to avoid diabetic retinopathy.

Retinal Tear

A crack in the retinal tissue is referred to as a retinal tear. This can be a spontaneous occurrence due to an injury, trauma, or eye surgery. Sudden onset of floaters, flashes, hazy vision, and dark spots are the signs of a retinal tear.

A dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist is required to diagnose the condition. They can occur under low and high-risk categories depending on the size and the location of the tear. Generally, a surgical process with laser treatment is performed as the treatment.

Retinal Detachment

This is a critical situation where the retina of your eye pulls away from its normal position. Due to the detachment, the retina will no longer get nutrients and nourishment from the blood vessel layer. Hence, it is crucial to treat the condition and is considered a medical emergency and needs to be treated as soon as possible to prevent vision loss.

Reduced vision, shadow on the visual field, blurred vision, the sudden appearance of flashers and floaters are the symptoms of retinal detachment. After a retinal examination and ultrasound imaging, your eye specialist will treat the condition by performing a surgical process.

Macular Degeneration

The macula is a portion in your retina. When this part wears off, especially with aging, it starts to progress in vision loss. The condition is categorized under the following two categories.

Dry form: Here, you can get yellow deposits in your macula. With progression, the light-sensitive cells present in the area become thinner and die. Those who experience this can have blind spots or completely lose the central vision

Wet form: When the blood vessels underneath your macula leak blood, wet macular degeneration occurs. You may start to see straight lines in a wavy form with the condition. Blind spots and permanent loss of central vision can happen here.

Laser therapy, medications, and low vision aids are recommended as treatments for patients with macular degeneration.

Retinal disease is a condition that can cause damage to any part of your retina. Early diagnosis and treatments can treat, manage, or completely restore the vision. Hence, it is crucial to visit the doctor as soon as you notice unusual issues in your eyesight.

Visit our eye clinic in Dubai at New Vision Eye Center for a comprehensive eye checkup and ensure your eyes are in good and healthy condition. Our professionals can rectify any problems in your eyes and provide viable treatment options to improve your eyesight.

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