Retinal Tear: When, How And Why It Occurs?

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Blurred vision or the inability to see distant or near objects is often considered as an indication of common vision problems. When experiencing such symptoms, it is necessary to schedule a visit to your nearest eye clinic to diagnose the problem and gain the right treatment. Floaters and flashes of light are other indicators that are often neglected and can in reality manifest into a severe eye condition if left untreated. The article below discusses the reasons and the occurrence of a common condition called retinal tear related to these symptoms.

What Is A Retinal Tear?

The retina is a thin, light-sensitive tissue at the inner lining of the eye that helps to generate vision. When a crack develops in this layer, a retinal tear occurs and the incident can allow fluid to enter, causing a retinal detachment.

The problem can arise spontaneously or due to post-traumatic conditions and needs to be treated at the earliest with its possibilities to undergo a vision loss state. While most of the tears cause asymptomatically, some can notice a few signs and symptoms due to a retinal tear. They are;

  • Sudden onset of floaters
  • Photopsia or flashes of light
  • Hazy vision (associated with bleeding)
  • Dark spots or shadow in vision

What Causes A Tear In Your Eye Lens?

A gel-like fluid called vitreous is attached to your retina and consists of tiny fibers. With aging, these fibers pull away from the tissue causing post vitreous detachment (PVD). The incident usually takes place after the age of 50.

People with more sticky vitreous often face the condition where an abnormal tug can cause the retina to tear. Eye specialists refer to this as the most common and spontaneous cause of the retinal tear. Apart from these, retinal holes can also occur as a related entity with the progressive thinning of the tissue.

Other risk factors related to this eye illness are;

  • Higher stages of nearsightedness
  • Trauma
  • Herideteory conditions
  • Prior eye surgery
  • Associated lattice degeneration (thin patches in the retina)

Diagnosis And Conservative Treatments

Your eye specialist will have a thorough examination by performing a scleral depression (applying slight pressure to the eye) or a 3 mirror lens test. Once your diagnosis is completed, a treatment will be followed by creating scar tissue around the tear. Surgeries with laser treatments will seal the edges of the tear preventing the liquid inside the eye from seeping under the retina. 

Before the process, your eye will be dilated with solutions, and anesthesia will be provided to minimize the discomfort. Eye specialists state low-risk tears do not require treatments and heal themselves by developing adhesion around the treatment. People with no symptoms often fall into this category of mild tears.

Early diagnosis and treatment will prevent your eyes from getting retinal detachments, which can lead to minor and severe blindness within a few days. A regular visit to the eye clinic will protect you from these eye conditions and help improve the quality of your vision throughout life.  

If you notice a sudden change in your eyesight or have a family history of eye diseases, these consistent checkups will help you to avoid the possibility of numerous eye illnesses. At New Vision Eye Center, you can obtain an optimal eye consultation with the latest high-quality equipment and expert care in diagnosing and treating retinal problems.

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