The onset of cataract is usually very slow. This condition starts off as clouding in the lens of the eye which eventually impacts your vision negatively. If a severe form of cataract is detected in your eyes, chances are you will need to see a cataract surgeon.
But how do you know when to see your cataract surgeon for an eye assessment? The early stages of cataract show up in the form of many minor symptoms. In this blog post, we will explore some of these symptoms, so that you can be aware of your eyesight and its health.
Types of cataract
Cataracts are generally considered as a condition that comes about with age. However, there are different kinds of cataracts and even babies may be affected by the condition. Usually, people may start developing the condition in their 40’s or 50’s.
Some of these cataracts are discussed below:
Traumatic cataract – This form usually occurs after an injury. It may show up years later as a result of some form of traumatic impact on the eyes.
Congenital cataract – This form occurs in babies. They may be either born with the condition or develop it at a young age. This form of the disease is often too small to affect the vision but in an instance where it does, it may lead to the removal of the lenses.
Secondary cataract – Cataracts may set in for some people who undergo eye surgeries for glaucoma. Similarly, other diseases like diabetes can influence the development of the condition. This form of the disease is called a secondary cataract.
What happens to your vision?
Cataract affects the lens. The lens is made up of water and protein that is found in a particular form. However, as we age it may become clumped together and this leads to cataract. With time, this clumping may spread and as it spreads, it weakens the eye’s ability to see clearly. Overtime cataract intensifies its impact on the vision, changing your once clear lens to a yellowish/brownish colour. The level of damage to your lens will determine your treatment.
Common symptoms of cataract
Some of the most common symptoms include the following:
- You will notice you have cloudy or blurry vision. Don’t ignore this sign as it is a common symptom that could be related to other eye conditions including cataract.
- Your ability to see bright colours could change making colours appear faded.
- Your nighttime vision will deteriorate significantly.
- If you notice double vision that existed for some time and then cleared at a later time, it could due to the spreading of cataract.
If you have one or all of these symptoms consult your cataract surgeon at the earliest. He or she will decide whether you need surgery to improve your vision.
Early detection and treatment
As the condition develops slowly and is hard to detect, it is recommended that you should follow a regular eye checkup routine. This is one of the easiest ways for early detection and therefore get the right treatment as early as possible.