Vision impairment in children can create unique challenges in their everyday life. It can negatively affect studies, play, language, and social skills. Hence, it is crucial to pay attention to your child’s vision and address the issue to control or eliminate the condition. This article will delve into the factors that lead to vision impairment in children.
What Is Vision Impairment
Vision impairment is a term that is used to describe a range of vision loss conditions. This can include mild vision issues, partial vision loss, and complete blindness. Children can get defects in their eyesight at birth (congenital) or later.
A child is diagnosed as visually impaired when he/she cannot see all the things that he should be able to see for his age. If a child cannot see at 6m distance what a healthy child can see at 60m, he/she falls under the legally blind category.
The conditions can slow the development and learn of children. Hence, it is vital to find out the leading factors of vision impairment in children. Given below are the most common causes that can cause child eyesight problems.
- Ocular Albinism
Albinism is an inherited condition that can affect the eyesight of children. The colored part of your eye or the iris, and the retina, the clear transparent layer in the eye, are mainly involved in focusing the light into the eyes and sending it to the brain to create visual images. Albinism can reduce the pigmentation on these two structures, making it difficult to see.
- Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP)
RP is another hereditary vision impairment condition. The onset of the symptoms can be generally identified at ten years of age. The state affects the retina, which contains light-sensitive cells. Problems in night vision and peripheral (side) vision are considered to be the initial symptoms. It would be best to take your child to a low-vision specialist at the eye clinic to create an individualized plan as RD cannot be cured.
Cataracts can occur at birth or develop later in life. The issue needs to be addressed at its earliest to prevent blindness in children. Surgery is usually performed to remove the cloudiness in the eye lens. The cloudy formation can occur in one eye or both and lead to wobbling eyes where they point in different directions.
- Cortical Vision Impairment (CVI)
The eye condition is one of the most frequent causes of visual impairment in children. CVI occurs due to the damages to the visual parts of the brain. Prematurity, infections, trauma, metabolic issues, stroke, decreased blood and oxygen supply are a few causes of CVI. Along with CVI, children can also get misaligned eyes or refractive errors. Hence, it is essential to take them to the eye clinic to check with associated visual disorders.
Apart from these, lazy eye, strabismus, and double vision can be seen in children, leading to visual impairments if not treated. If you notice problems in your children’s vision or unusual behavior linked with eyesight, it is best recommended to take him/her to an eye specialist for a comprehensive eye examination.
Regular eye examinations can diagnose asymptomatic conditions at their earliest and address the issue without causing significant vision impairments. Therefore, ensure to take your child to an eye doctor every six months to safeguard healthy eyesight. It will further help your child to develop and grow in an excellent physical and mental condition.
Visit us at New Vision Eye Center to get a comprehensive pediatric examination of your child’s eye health from the finest ophthalmologists and eye specialists in the optic industry. Our experts are happy to help with all your vision concerns for a clear, healthy vision.